Tracking the sea ice exported from the Siberian Shelf to the Arctic Ocean

An original method based on the use of the couple salinity – δ18O allows determining the fractions of water that had been removed as ice across the shelf and the consequent net export of sea ice from Laptev and East Siberian Sea towards the remaining Arctic Ocean (860 km3/yr).

An important point is that this method does not assume an ice end-member of fixed composition, very powerful when applied on samples with large differences in salinity….

15 Rosen l

Figure: The map shows three geographical lines, sections, in the Laptev and East Siberian Sea. The sections stretch from the mouth of the Lena-, Indigirka- and Kolyma rivers and northward onto the shallow shelf. Based on the δ18O in the water, the vertical profiles indicate the amount of river water on the shelf (b, d and f) and also the fraction of water exported from the shelf as ice (a, c and e). Click here to view the figure larger.


Rosén, P.-O., Andersson, P. S., Alling, V., Mörth, C.-M., Björk, G., Semiletov, I., & Porcelli, D. (2015). Ice export from the Laptev and East Siberian Sea derived from δ18O values. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 120. doi:10.1002/2015JC010866

Latest highlights

Science Highlights

Deep sea lithogenic weathering a source of iron colloids for the ocean

Homoky and co-workers determined the isotope composition of dissolved iron profiles in shallow surface sediments of the South Atlantic Uruguayan margin…


Science Highlights

Adding external sources allow a better simulation of the oceanic rare earth elements cycles

Oka and colleagues demonstrate that the global distribution of REE can be reproduced by considering the internal cycle associated with reversible scavenging and external REEs inputs around continental regions.


Science Highlights

First direct measurements of luxury iron uptake in natural phytoplankton communities: surprising results!

This study demonstrates the importance of biology and ecology to understanding iron biogeochemistry.


Science Highlights

Air-sea gas disequilibrium drove deoxygenation of the deep ice-age ocean

This study provides one of the first mechanistic explanations for Last Glacial Maximum deep ocean deoxygenation.