Thorium and protactinium radionuclides reveal marine particles processes

Thanks to the compilation of thorium-230 (230Th) and protactinium-231 (231Pa) data obtained along north-south and east-west transoceanic sections (in the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans), Hayes and co-workers (2015, see reference below) enlighten the processes at play among the lifestyles of marine particles, namely the adsorption to particles (scavenging) of these tracers. This systematic study is of first importance because both tracers are useful chronometers of particle dynamics and can be used to predict the adsorption of other insoluble trace metals in the water column. They find a widespread impact of authigenic Fe/Mn hydroxides as major scavenging phases (be it of hydrothermal or deposited sediment origin). They also show that biogenic opal is not a major scavenging phase due to the low abundance of opal in the water column. They eventually discuss why the distribution coefficients are surprisingly low in surface water, but if you wish to know more…read it!

15 Hayes l

Figure: With samples from the U.S. North Atlantic Zonal Transects (upper map), we investigated how the radionuclides Th and Pa “stick” onto particles by analyzing their dissolved (bottom section) and particulate (middle section) phases in seawater, along with the amount and chemical composition of the particles. The ratio of Pa to Th in ocean sediments can be used as a proxy for properties of the ocean’s geologic past, but this ratio fundamentally depends on the relative intensity of each metal’s “stickiness” or tendency to adsorb onto various particles. Among many observations, we found the Pa/Th ratio was largely driven by the total amount of particles (top section) but was also significantly affected by a relatively minor mineral phase, the iron-manganese oxides forming at the Mid-Atlantic ridge and in West African margin sediments. Click here to view the image larger.

 

Reference:

Hayes, C. T., Anderson, R. F., Fleisher, M. Q., Vivancos, S. M., Lam, P. J., Ohnemus, D. C., Huang, KF, Robinson, L. F., Lu, Y., Cheng, H., Edwards, R. L., Moran, S. B. (2015). Intensity of Th and Pa scavenging partitioned by particle chemistry in the North Atlantic Ocean. Marine Chemistry, 170, 49–60. doi:10.1016/j.marchem.2015.01.006

Latest highlights

Science Highlights

Constraining Oceanic Copper Cycling through Artificial Intelligence and Ocean Circulation Inverse Model

Using available observations of dissolved copper, artificial neural networks, and an ocean circulation inverse model, authors calculated a global estimate of the 3-dimensional distribution and cycling of dissolved copper in the ocean

15.01.2021

Science Highlights

Particulate rare earth elements distributions, processes and characterisation of nepheloids in the North Atlantic

Lagarde et al. realised the first basin scale section of particulate rare earth elements concentrations across the North Atlantic Ocean.

06.01.2021

Science Highlights

Isopycnal mixing controls protactinium and thorium distributions in the Pacific Southern Ocean

Pavia and co-workers determined the physical and chemical speciation as well as the vertical distribution of Protactinium-231 and Thorium-230 at 12 stations across the Southern Pacific Antarctic Circumpolar Current…

13.12.2020

Science Highlights

Time series thorium-230 data reveal scavenging intensification over the last 15 years in the Arctic Ocean

Authors demonstrate that the later hypothesis is likely explaining thorium-230-depletion in intermediate layers of the Amundsen basin.

07.12.2020

Rechercher