Thorium and protactinium radionuclides reveal marine particles processes

Thanks to the compilation of thorium-230 (230Th) and protactinium-231 (231Pa) data obtained along north-south and east-west transoceanic sections (in the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans), Hayes and co-workers (2015, see reference below) enlighten the processes at play among the lifestyles of marine particles, namely the adsorption to particles (scavenging) of these tracers. This systematic study is of first importance because both tracers are useful chronometers of particle dynamics and can be used to predict the adsorption of other insoluble trace metals in the water column. They find a widespread impact of authigenic Fe/Mn hydroxides as major scavenging phases (be it of hydrothermal or deposited sediment origin). They also show that biogenic opal is not a major scavenging phase due to the low abundance of opal in the water column. They eventually discuss why the distribution coefficients are surprisingly low in surface water, but if you wish to know more…read it!

15 Hayes l

Figure: With samples from the U.S. North Atlantic Zonal Transects (upper map), we investigated how the radionuclides Th and Pa “stick” onto particles by analyzing their dissolved (bottom section) and particulate (middle section) phases in seawater, along with the amount and chemical composition of the particles. The ratio of Pa to Th in ocean sediments can be used as a proxy for properties of the ocean’s geologic past, but this ratio fundamentally depends on the relative intensity of each metal’s “stickiness” or tendency to adsorb onto various particles. Among many observations, we found the Pa/Th ratio was largely driven by the total amount of particles (top section) but was also significantly affected by a relatively minor mineral phase, the iron-manganese oxides forming at the Mid-Atlantic ridge and in West African margin sediments. Click here to view the image larger.

 

Reference:

Hayes, C. T., Anderson, R. F., Fleisher, M. Q., Vivancos, S. M., Lam, P. J., Ohnemus, D. C., Huang, KF, Robinson, L. F., Lu, Y., Cheng, H., Edwards, R. L., Moran, S. B. (2015). Intensity of Th and Pa scavenging partitioned by particle chemistry in the North Atlantic Ocean. Marine Chemistry, 170, 49–60. doi:10.1016/j.marchem.2015.01.006

Latest highlights

Science Highlights

Loss of old Arctic sea ice increases methylmercury concentrations

Researchers from the SCRIPPS, the Stockholm Natural Museum and the Mediterranean Institute of Oceanography show the importance of sea ice composition on methylmercury budgets

02.09.2020

Science Highlights

Estimating Atmospheric Trace Element Deposition Over the Global Ocean

A recently developed method based on the natural radionuclide Be-7 has provided a means to estimate the bulk atmospheric trace element deposition velocity

Science Highlights

Dissolved gallium unravels Pacific and Atlantic waters in the Arctic Ocean

Whitmore and co-workers demonstrate that the dissolved gallium distribution provide a better water source deconvolution than the nutrient tracers

22.07.2020

Science Highlights

Precise estimate of the mercury export from the Arctic to the Atlantic Ocean

Using new observations acquired during GEOTRACES Arctic cruises, a refined arctic mercury budget has been established

21.07.2020

Rechercher