Recent and original results in the Southern Ocean on mercury speciation and cadmium isotopes

AU_cruise_lowFor the first time detailed mercury (Hg) speciation was determined along an Australia-Antarctic section (Cossa, et al., 2011) and cadmium (Cd) isotopes along a South Africa-Antarctic section (Abouchami W., et al., 2011). Both were acquired along two IPY-GEOTRACES sections: SR3 CASO-GEOTRACES (GIPY6) and ZERO&DRAKE (GIPY5) respectively.

Hg species distribution suggests distinct features in the Southern ocean Hg cycle: (i) a net atmospheric Hg deposition on surface water near the ice edge, (ii) Hg enrichment in brines during sea-ice formation and (iii) a methylmercury maximum close to Antarctica, far from anthropogenic Hg emissions (Figure 1).

Cd isotope ratios and concentrations are distributed into two distinct Cd isoscapes, delimiting two biogeochemical provinces the Antarctic Circumpolar Current (ACC) and Weddell Gyre (Figure 2). A doubling of the isotope effect due to biological consumption of Cd is observed during water transport from the Weddell Sea into the ACC. The increase in the magnitude of Cd isotope fractionation, as a result of enhanced phytoplankton biomass and altered species composition in the Southern Ocean, demonstrates that Cd isotopes could potentially serve as a useful measure of biological productivity.

cossa

Figure 1. Methylated mercury species (MeHgT) distribution along the SR3 CASO–GEOTRACES transect in the Southern Ocean. Source: Author’s manuscript, definitive authenticated version published in “Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta“.

 

Abouchami

Figure 2. (Left) Latitudinal variations in seawater Cd isotope composition, expressed as ε112/ 110Cd (solid symbol) and Cd concentration (open symbol) along Zero Meridian.  (Right) Co-variations between ε112/110Cd and [Cd] (nmol kg−1) in Southern Ocean surface waters. Source: Earth and Planetary Science Letters

 

References:

Abouchami W., Galer S.J.G., de Baar H.J.W., et al. (2011), Modulation of the Southern Ocean cadmium isotope signature by ocean circulation and primary productivity, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 305(1-2) DOI: 10.1016/j.epsl.2011.02.044

Cossa, D., Heimbürger, L.-E., Lannuzel, D., Rintoul, S.R., Butler, E.C.V., Bowie, A.R., Averty, B., Watson, R.J., Remenyi, T., (2011), Mercury in the Southern Ocean, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 75(14): 4037-4052 DOI: 10.1016/j.gca.2011.05.001

Latest highlights

Science Highlights

Dissolved iron and manganese fates reveal processes along the hydrothermal TAG plume

González-Santana and co-workers performed high-spatial resolution analyses of dissolved iron and manganese samples collected at the Mid Atlantic Ridge

20.10.2020

Science Highlights

The power of combining geochemical tracer data with direct current measurements

Learn about new discoveries done combining seawater Rare Earth Elements concentrations and direct physical oceanographic observations

14.10.2020

Science Highlights

Loss of old Arctic sea ice increases methylmercury concentrations

Researchers from the SCRIPPS, the Stockholm Natural Museum and the Mediterranean Institute of Oceanography show the importance of sea ice composition on methylmercury budgets

02.09.2020

Science Highlights

Estimating Atmospheric Trace Element Deposition Over the Global Ocean

A recently developed method based on the natural radionuclide beryllium-7 has provided a means to estimate the bulk atmospheric trace element deposition velocity

Rechercher