Present day neodymium isotopic composition of the Caribbean Sea deep waters questions the paleo-application of this tracer in restricted basins

The first profiles of neodymium (Nd) concentration and isotopic composition in the Carribbean Sea have been published. They show that surface and intermediate waters flow through the Caribbean with essentially unchanged Nd isotopes ratios (εNd), whereas deep waters are strongly modified. Indeed, they likely receive radiogenic Nd released from the local sediments, of volcanic origin. Osborne and co-authors (2014, see reference below) suggest that this important shift is facilitated by the long residence time of these deep waters (150 years). This finding has general implications for paleoceanographic studies in restricted basins, where the composition of seawater is sensitive to its residence time within the basin.

14 Osborne l

Figure. 
Schematic cross-section of the Caribbean and Gulf of Mexico basins, showing the Nd isotopic composition and concentration of inflowing Atlantic water and how it changes to more radiogenic compositions and higher concentrations within the deep Caribbean. Interaction of seawater with radiogenic Nd from the margins of the Caribbean may be responsible for this change, aided by the slow replenishment rate and long residence time of deep waters in the Caribbean and Gulf of Mexico. Click here to view the figure larger.

 

Reference :

Osborne, A. H., Haley, B. A., Hathorne, E. C., Flögel, S., & Frank, M. (2014). Neodymium isotopes and concentrations in Caribbean seawater: Tracing water mass mixing and continental input in a semi-enclosed ocean basin. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 406, 174–186. doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2014.09.011 Click here to access the paper.

Latest highlights

Science Highlights

Volcanic emissions in the Southern Ocean: an efficient and unexpected source of iron for this remote area

This study suggests that volcanic emission can represent a significant source of bioavailable Fe to open ocean anaemic ecosystems.

20.09.2021

Science Highlights

Surprisingly heavy silicon isotopes in the surface and deep Arctic Ocean

Brzezinski and his colleagues report on a comprehensive study of the Arctic Ocean silicic acid concentrations and silicon isotopic composition…

14.09.2021

Science Highlights

Unique winter dataset of particulate and dissolved cadmium in the Indian sector of the Southern Ocean

Cloete and collaborators analysed particulate and dissolved cadmium at 7 stations in austral winter along a North South section off South Africa.

06.09.2021

Science Highlights

A new proxy for ocean iron bioavailability

The approach established and verified in this study, opens a new way for determining dissolved iron bioavailability in samples across the ocean.

23.07.2021

Rechercher