Oka and colleagues (2021, see reference below) demonstrate that the global distribution of rare earth elements (REEs) can be reproduced by considering the internal cycle associated with reversible scavenging and external REEs inputs around continental regions. The originality of this work is that the parameter controlling the strength of the distinct REE affinity to particles was taken different for distinct REEs, in agreement with their diverse behaviours (ie. light REEs (LREEs) more prone to adsorb on particles than heavy REEs). They newly demonstrated that the external REE input from the coastal shelves plays a key role in controlling the vertical profiles and their inter-basin differences. This external source role is particularly relevant for LREEs like Nd, confirming what was expected from the studies of these element isotopes and the Boundary Exchange concept.
Oka, A., Tazoe, H., & Obata, H. (2021). Simulation of global distribution of rare earth elements in the ocean using an ocean general circulation model. Journal of Oceanography, 1–18. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10872-021-00600-x