Isotopes

Influence of particle composition on the rate constants of thorium adsorption

Chemical species are constantly exchanged between seawater (solution, D) and particles (solid material, P). This continuous D-P exchange is a key process determining the chemical composition of the ocean. Particles are heterogeneous materials, made of (i) biological material from the surface ocean, (ii) lithogenic material from external inputs to the ocean, and (iii) authigenic (oxyhydr)oxides […]

Sep / 04 / 2018

Contrasting fates of the cadmium-cadmium isotopes in the Kuroshio and Oyashio environmental systems

Yang et al. (2018, see reference below) studied the relative importance of physical and biogeochemical processes on controlling the isotopic composition of dissolved and particulate cadmium (Cd) in a GP18 transect, crossing over the relatively cold and eutrophic Oyashio Extension region and the relatively warm and oligotrophic Kuroshio Extension region. Particulate samples revealed preferential uptake […]

Jul / 18 / 2018

Labile particulate iron isotopic signatures trace hydrothermal and margin inputs down to the benthic layers in the Eastern Pacific Ocean

For the first time, labile and total particulate iron (pFe) isotopic signatures were measured along a full depth oceanographic section (more than 200 0.8-51 µm-sized particles) in the Eastern Pacific Ocean (GP16 East Pacific Zonal Transect cruise). Marsay and co-authors revealed that: a hydrothermal plume emanating from the South East Pacific Rise was identified as […]

Jun / 06 / 2018

Revelations from the dissolved 226Ra-228Ra pair distribution in the South East Pacific Ocean

While it is confirmed that radium-226 (226Ra) is an interesting tracer of the water masses encountered along the GP16 US East Pacific Zonal Transect (EPZT) section cruise, 228Ra data coupled to the dissolved iron (Fe), cobalt (Co) and manganese (Mn) ones provide evidence that lateral transport of sediments from continental margins, including shelves and slopes, […]

Jun / 05 / 2018

Why did the concentration of atmospheric carbon dioxide rise so much and so quickly during the last deglaciation? 

During the Last Glacial Maximum, the deep southern Pacific waters were stratified, efficiently accumulating old, CO2 rich waters. Basak and co-authors (2018, see reference below) measured neodymium isotopes in sediment cores that clearly show that when these deep waters became less stratified as the climate warmed they released their carbon which could escape to the […]

Mar / 06 / 2018

Climate change induced spectacular increase of the land-ocean inputs in the Arctic Ocean

Measurements of radium-228 (228Ra) in the framework of the 2015 U.S. GEOTRACES Arctic Transect (GN01), revealed that the surface water content of this tracer has almost doubled over the last decade, specifically in the Transpolar Drift near the North Pole. Radium isotopes are excellent tracers of land-ocean inputs. A mass balance model for 228Ra allowed […]

Jan / 09 / 2018

New neodymium concentration and isotopic data from the West Pacific Ocean

In the framework of the GEOTRACES TransGeoBioOc process study (GPpr04), seawater samples were collected at 12 stations (and up to 17 depths per stations) along the SO223T cruise transect from Busan (South Korea) to Suva (Fiji) (Figure a). This beautiful set of Nd concentration ([Nd]) and isotopic (εNd) signature data allow Behrens and co-workers (2017, […]

Dec / 06 / 2017

Barium isotope measurements help constraining the oceanic barium cycle

Hsieh and Henderson (2017, see reference below) propose a compilation of the oceanic barium (Ba) concentrations together with its isotopic profiles measured so far. Their review covers the main oceanic basins, comparing data obtained in the North and South Atlantic, North Pacific and the Southern Oceans. Their main conclusions are: near-surface Ba isotope values are […]

Oct / 19 / 2017

Short-Term Variability of Dissolved Rare Earth Elements and Neodymium Isotopes in the Entire Water Column of the Panama Basin

Patricia Grasse and co-workers (2017, see reference below) present new dissolved neodymium isotope compositions (εNd) and rare earth element (REE) concentrations from the Panama Basin. REE concentrations peak at the surface reflect high lithogenic inputs from the nearby Central American Arc (CAA) resulting in highly radiogenic εNd signatures, with the observation of the most radiogenic […]

Oct / 05 / 2017

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