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ASLO 2023, Aquatic Science Meeting
4 June 2023 – 9 June 2023
Palma de Mallorca, Spain
Resilience and Recovery in Aquatic Systems
Concepts of resilience and recovery do not only apply to aquatic ecosystems but also to societies when faced with disruptions and crises. Past events have shown that adaptability and decisiveness are important keys to resilience and recovery. Disruptions are opportune moments for setting up strategies for management and recovery. Faced with the COVID-19 pandemic, ASLO meetings have adapted by transforming the ASM 2021 Palma meeting to virtual with a positive attitude that in 2023 we will recover and meet in-person.
We will incorporate the theme of resilience and recovery in aquatic systems into the plenary sessions and encourage submissions that examine these topics and invite you to contribute special sessions on topics relevant to freshwater and marine ecosystems.
For further information: https://www.aslo.org/palma-2023/
GEOTRACES and GEOTRACES-related sessions:
**SS014 Atmospheric Supply of Soluble Trace Elements and Isotopes: Advances and Challenges
Rachel Shelley, University of East Anglia (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Susanne Fietz, University of Stellenbosch (email@example.com)
Alex Baker, University of East Anglia (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Morgane Perron, CNRS – Laboratoire des sciences de l’Environnement MARin (LEMAR) (email@example.com)
Approximately 50% of primary production occurs in the oceans. Iron (Fe), and other trace elements (TEs), are essential micronutrients as primary producers require Fe for carbon (C), nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) acquisition. However, in vast areas of the ocean, marine production is limited by insufficient Fe availability or by the scarcity of a combination of two or more micronutrient TEs. Therefore, the availability of TEs, particularly Fe, exerts a fundamental control on marine biological activity, from bacterial and primary productivity of phytoplankton through to the fisheries which ultimately depend on them. Micronutrient TEs thereby support marine ecosystem services and CO 2 sequestration in most ocean basins and over various timescales. Atmospheric deposition provides an external source of TEs to the surface ocean. Large deposition events can relieve micronutrient (co-)limitation through the partial dissolution of TEs from aerosols. However, large deposition events are sporadic and currently poorly understood. This presents a challenge for predicting how ocean ecosystems will respond to changes in soluble TE fluxes in the future. Therefore, it is vital that models are able to represent and reproduce current and past TE distributions in the ocean in order to improve predictive capabilities. A further challenge is understanding how the different chemical compositions and atmospheric processing of natural and anthropogenic particles impacts TE solubility following deposition to seawater and, thus, the ability of biota to assimilate the TEs. Although mineral dust is proportionally the largest source of aerosol TEs to the global ocean, anthropogenic and wildfire aerosols have a greater ability to dissolve in seawater. This results in the liberation of a larger fraction of bioaccessible TEs, due to several factors. Following aerosol deposition, new resource competition among primary producers can alter community structure and dynamics, which influences the capacity of the ocean to sequester CO 2 , fix nitrogen and produce biological gases which readily form cloud condensation nuclei. All three features exert crucial climate feedbacks. The degree to which autotrophs or heterotrophs are stimulated or suppressed by atmospheric deposition depends on the physicochemical form in which atmospheric TEs are delivered to seawater and on the initial nutrient status of the water. Again, highlighting the need for a more integrated understanding of biogeochemical cycling including the atmospheric component. In this session, we would like to invite submissions from novel experimental and modelling work on TE biogeochemistry at the air-sea interface. Presentations addressing key research questions including the controls on dissolution and/or uptake of aerosol TEs, as well as modelling estimates of aerosol TE deposition fluxes in the present, past, or future are welcomed. Studies focusing on the Southern Hemisphere and other historically under-studied oceanic regions are particularly encouraged. This session has broad applicability to different research communities, e.g., climate change, human health, fisheries, and paleoclimate. As such, we welcome cross-disciplinary submissions which address questions about the flux of TEs across the air-sea interface and the associated impact on marine ecosystems.
**SSO38 Trace Metal and Macronutrient Behaviour in Large Rivers and Estuaries
Adrienne Hollister, Jacobs University Bremen (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Hannah Whitby, University of Liverpool (email@example.com)
Rebecca Zitoun, GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Oceanographic Research (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Juan Santos-Echeandía, Spanish Institute for Oceanography (email@example.com)
Rivers are a major source of trace metals, macronutrients and organic matter to the global oceans. Processes such as colloidal flocculation, particle adsorption-desorption and biological activity influence the concentrations and speciation of trace metals and nutrients during estuarine mixing, and therefore their overall behaviour and flux to the ocean. Major rivers such as the Amazon are becoming increasingly vulnerable to anthropogenic impacts, including land use change, hydroelectric dams, metal pollution (e.g. from mining), plastic pollution (relevant as metal vectors), and agricultural runoff. These and other anthropogenic impacts to a river’s catchment area can lead to potentially toxic concentrations of metals (e.g. Cu, Zn, Pt, Hg, Pb, Fe), or of macronutrients leading to eutrophication. In addition, climate change is projected to cause both increased droughts and flooding, resulting in changes in river flow and chemical output. These changes may have a drastic effect on trace metal and nutrient sources, cycling, transport, fluxes, reactivity and sinks at the land-ocean interface. As climate and land use changes amplify, it is essential to establish a baseline for riverine trace metal and nutrient concentrations and fluxes to the ocean and sediments, and to understand how these parameters may change with changing environmental conditions. Generally, this session aims to evaluate the behaviour, fluxes, sources and sinks of trace elements and their isotopes (TEI) as well as macronutrients (N, P, Si) from major rivers to the ocean. Contributions focused on observational, experimental, and modelling approaches regarding metal- and nutrient cycling, their chemical and biological transformation and distribution in rivers and estuaries are welcome.
Posters, presentations and hybrid presentations are welcome.
SCOR Working Group 167, RUSTED, invites you to a Town Hall in the Sala Santa Catalina, Palau de Congressos, Palma de Mallorca at 13:30 on Wednesday 7 June 2023.
Constraining the fluxes of micronutrient and pollutant trace elements (TEs) across the air-sea interface is a research priority of large international programmes such as SOLAS and GEOTRACES. RUSTED (Reducing Uncertainty in Soluble aerosol Trace Element Deposition) is the new SCOR Working Group 167. Our overarching objective is to assure the quality of TE solubility data produced from aerosol dissolution experiments and to improve the handling of such data in Earth System models.
The purpose of the Townhall is to: 1) introduce RUSTED to the Aquatic Sciences community, 2) invite aerosol TE data contributions for inclusion in a new database and 3) assess research interests and understand barriers to participation in a workshop planned for 2025.
Beyond improving understanding of air-sea biogeochemical exchanges, RUSTED outcomes will be a valuable resource for other fields, such as health and climate research. This Townhall will provide a unique opportunity to network with RUSTED members.
Further information about RUSTED is available here: https://www.geotraces.org/new-scor-working-group-rusted/