scor

FacebookTwitter

Conway and co-authors (2019, see reference below) present the first evidence that anthropogenic iron (Fe) from combustion sources is visible at the basin scale, using iron isotopic composition (δ56Fe) analysis of the soluble aerosol phases collected during GEOTRACES cruise GA03 in the North Atlantic Ocean. Off Sahara, soluble aerosol samples have near-crustal δ56Fe whereas those from near North America and Europe display δ56Fe values as light as −1.6‰. Coupled to aerosol deposition modeling these results reveal that soluble anthropogenic aerosol Fe flux to the global surface oceans is highly likely to be underestimated.

 19 Conway

Figure. Tracing anthropogenic iron with iron isotopes (adapted from Conway et al., 2019). Panels a and b show that aerosols collected from near the Sahara have low solubility, a near-crustal iron isotope composition (beige circle) and a near-crustal Pb/Al composition (beige diamond). In contrast, those collected from near North America or Western Europe have very soluble iron, very light iron isotopes and are very enriched in Pb, indicating pollution from humans. When sampling points are overlain on output from dust modelling, it can be seen that the light iron isotopes correspond to where fossil fuel iron is expected to be important, and the crustal iron isotopes correspond to where natural dust iron is most important (panel c).

Reference:

Conway, T. M., Hamilton, D. S., Shelley, R. U., Aguilar-Islas, A. M., Landing, W. M., Mahowald, N. M., & John, S. G. (2019). Tracing and constraining anthropogenic aerosol iron fluxes to the North Atlantic Ocean using iron isotopes. Nature Communications, 10(1), 2628. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-019-10457-w
 

Filter by Keyword

Aerosol Inputs Aerosols Aluminium Analysis Anoxia Antarctic Geology Arctic Ocean Arsenic Artificial Intelligence Atlantic Ocean Atmospheric Dynamic Barium Barium Isotopes Behavior Benthic Beryllium BioGEOSCAPES Biological Pump Black Sea Boundary Exchange Boundary Scavenging Budget Cadmium Cadmium Isotopes Cadmium Sulfide Chromium Chronium Isotopes Circulation Climate Change CO2 Degassing Coastal Area Cobalt Copper Copper Isotopes Cycles Data Compilation Deep Water Dissolved Concentrations Distribution Distribution Coefficient Ecosystem Eddy Kinetic Energy Environmental Change Estuaries Experiments Export Fluxes Fate Fertilisation Fractionation Gadolinium Gallium Global Scale Hafnium Hafnium Isotopes Helium Helium Isotopes Hydrothermal Hypoxia Ice ICPMS Indian Ocean Inputs Intercalibration Intercomparison International Polar Year Iodine Iron Iron Isotopes Iron Sulfide Isotopes Land Ocean Inputs Lanthanum Lead Lead Isotopes Limitation Lithogenic Macronutriments Mammals Manganese Mediterranean Sea Mercury Mesopelagic Mesoscale Transport Methylmercury Microbial Micronutriments Modelling Multiple TEIs Neodymium Neodymium Isotopes Nepheloids Nickel Nitrate Nitrogen Nutrients Organic Matter Osmium Oxygen Pacific Ocean Paleoceanography Paleocirculation Particle Fluxes Particles Particulate Organic Carbon Phosphate Phosporus Phytoplankton Pitzer Equations Precipitation Procedure Processes Productivity Protactinium Protocol Proxy Radium Radium Isotopes Rare Earth Elements Red Sea Remineralization Residence Times River SAFE Samples Scandium Scavenging Sea Ice Sediments Shelf Silicon Silicon Isotopes Southern Ocean Speciation Submarine Ground Water Discharge Surface Waters Thorium Thorium Isotopes Thorium-Protactinium Time Series Total Hg Transmissiometer Uranium Uranium Isotopes Yttrium Zinc Zinc Isotopes

 Data Product (IDP2017)

eGEOTRACES Atlas

 Data Assembly Centre (GDAC)

 Outreach

Subscribe Mailing list

Contact us

To get a username and password, please contact the GEOTRACES IPO.

This site uses cookies to offer you a better browsing experience. Find out more on how we use cookies and how you can change your settings.